Exterior Hagia Sophia



Originally built as an agora and named as Tetrastoon (because of the four columns) by Septimus Severus, Augustaion would be used on ceremonial occasions and later as a forecourt of Hagia Sophia. This rectangular court was in front of Hagia Sophia. It was between the Chalke (the entrance of the Great Palace) and Mese (Divanyolu).

Million-Stone-ConstantinopleThe Million stone which is thought to be the starting point in the world was outside on the Ausgustaion. In the southwest corner of it, there was a 50 meter high bronze sheated column which would carry the statue of Justinian (column of Justinian) holding a globe on one hand and pointing the east with other hand.

The square was full of statues of the Emperors like Justinian and Theodosius. There was also a statue of Augusta Helena by whose name Augustaion was named after.

The square was destructed firstly by the 4th Crusaders however it was demolished mostly by the Ottomans.


About the author


Hagia Sophia Research Team (HSRT) consists of a group of people who likes to research Byzantine Heritage in Turkey by visiting and taking photos of the historical places.

Leave a Comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.