Category: Glossary of Byzantine Terms

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Greek fire: Devastating and dreaded Byzantine petroleum-based weapon; it was sticky, was ignited ...
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Egyptian population who spoke the Coptic language; after Egypt’s mid-seventh-century conquest by ...
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Confederation of Turkicspeaking peoples who dominated the Black Sea steppes from the glossary mid...
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Pronouncements on Christ’s nature of Patriarch Cyril of Alexandria, endorsed by the council of Ch...
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Alloy containing silver and gold in a Byzantine coin.
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The name of several officials, the most important being the eparch of the City, the civil governo...
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Christian sacrament in which the body and the blood of Christ are conveyed to believers in the fo...
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A Germanic people living in the northern Balkans and Pannonia, who migrated to Italy in the later...
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Turkic-speaking nomadic warriors who appeared in the north Black Sea steppe in the sixth century,...
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Berbers: name given to several ethnic groups indigenous to north-west Africa; known in Arab sourc...
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Chalke; the Bronze Gate: main ceremonial entrance into the Great Palace of Constantinople, throug...
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Turkmen (Turkoman, Turcoman): Turkish nomadic tribesmen from Central Asia who streamed into Anato...
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True Cross: wooden cross on which Christ was crucified, or fragments – relics – supposedly from it.
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Turmarch: commander of a tourma; senior military commander with fiscal and judicial responsibilit...
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tribunus (s.), tribuni (pl.): term for indigenous local rulers in southern Italy, which fell out ...
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Thrakesioi: one of the earliest themes, based in western Anatolia with headquarters at Chonai.
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Theotokos ‘god-bearing’ (from theos ‘god’ and tokos ‘bringing forth’): description of the Virgin ...
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A type of annuity administered by monasteries which provided (elderly) laity with a regular allot...
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Aktemon: A peasant with no property, no oxen or plough.
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Arians: followers of a heresy (named after its main proponent, the third century theologian Arius...
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