Hagia Sophia Interior



Omphalion, which literally means ‘’little omphalos’’ (navel of earth), is an opus sectile panel in Hagia Sophia. It consists of 32 rotae of different size of marbles, including red & green porphyry, green and pink granite ones.

It is located just in the middle of south-eastern quarter of the square under the dome. It was used to crown the Byzantine Emperors.


About the author


Hagia Sophia Research Team (HSRT) consists of a group of people who likes to research Byzantine Heritage in Turkey by visiting and taking photos of the historical places.

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