Exterior Hagia Sophia

Remains in the Garden

Remains in the garden, Hagia Sophia

Before conquered by a Roman Emperor, Byzantion was founded by a Greek colony-Byzas. This little sea shore town -Byzantion flourished to a capital of the empire. Constantine the Great who reunited the West & East Rome under his rule  renamed the city as ‘’Constantinople’’.

Constantine had been a pagan before he converted to the Christianity. After Constantine died, his successor Constantinus decided that Byzantine needed his own Pantheon. It was Hagia Sophia, Sophia of God, Holy Wisdom; that is the second person of Trinity: Christ.

The first name of the Church was ‘’Megale Ekklesia’’ which means ‘’the Grand Church’’. The first Hagia Sophia was built in 360. It was a wooden-roofed basilica, built on the site of a pagan temple. On the contrary to the popular belief, it was donated by Constantinus II not by Justinian. When the church was built, severe conflicts arose between the Pagans & new Christians.

When its roof was burned by a fire in 404 and destroyed mostly in a second fire in 414, a great believer of orthodoxy Theodisius II dedicated a church in 415. Among the ruins of Theodisius’ church, you can see the architrave of 12 sheep that represents the twelve apostles of Christ in front of the monumental entrance.

  • Theodosian Hagia Sophia
  • 12 sheep first Hagia Sophia
  • 12 sheep Hagia Sophia
  • 12 sheep first Hagia Sophia
  • 12 sheep first Hagia Sophia
  • Fragments from Theodosius Hagia Sophia
  • 12 sheep first Hagia Sophia
  • 12 sheep Hagia Sophia
  • first hagia sophia
  • first hagia sophia
  • first hagia sophia
  • Remains in the Garden
  • Remains in the Garden
  • Remains in the Garden
  • Remains in the Garden
  • Remains in the Garden
  • Remains in the Garden
  • Remains in the Garden
  • Remnants Of The Theodosian Hagia Sophia
  • Remnants Of The Theodosian Hagia Sophia
  • Remnants Of The Theodosian Hagia Sophia
  • Remnants Of The Theodosian Hagia Sophia
  • Remnants Of The Theodosian Hagia Sophia
  • Remnants Of The Theodosian Hagia Sophia
  • Theodosian Hagia Sophia
  • Theodosian Hagia Sophia
  • Theodosian Hagia Sophia
  • Theodosian Hagia Sophia
  • Remnants Of The Theodosian Hagia Sophia
  • Remnants Of The Theodosian Hagia Sophia
  • Remnants Of The Theodosian Hagia Sophia
  • Theodosian Hagia Sophia
  • Theodosian Hagia Sophia
  • Remains in the garden - Hagia Sophia
  • Remains in the garden - Hagia Sophia

 

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  • This design is inspired by the famous mosaic found in Antioch (modern-day Hatay, Turkey).
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Owl of Athena T-Shirt
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Justinian & Theodora T-Shirt
  • This design was inspired by Byzantine mosaics in San Vitale, Ravenna, Italy.
  • Theodora (c. 500 – 28 June 548) was Byzantine empress by marriage to emperor Justinian. She became empress upon Justinian's accession in 527 and was one of his chief advisers, albeit from humble origins.
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About the author

hagiasophiatr

Hagia Sophia Research Team (HSRT) consists of a group of people who likes to research Byzantine Heritage in Turkey by visiting and taking photos of the historical places.

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