Exterior Hagia Sophia

Remains in the Garden

Remains in the garden, Hagia Sophia

Before conquered by a Roman Emperor, Byzantion was founded by a Greek colony-Byzas. This little sea shore town -Byzantion flourished to a capital of the empire. Constantine the Great who reunited the West & East Rome under his rule  renamed the city as ‘’Constantinople’’.

Constantine had been a pagan before he converted to the Christianity. After Constantine died, his successor Constantinus decided that Byzantine needed his own Pantheon. It was Hagia Sophia, Sophia of God, Holy Wisdom; that is the second person of Trinity: Christ.

The first name of the Church was ‘’Megale Ekklesia’’ which means ‘’the Grand Church’’. The first Hagia Sophia was built in 360. It was a wooden-roofed basilica, built on the site of a pagan temple. On the contrary to the popular belief, it was donated by Constantinus II not by Justinian. When the church was built, severe conflicts arose between the Pagans & new Christians.

When its roof was burned by a fire in 404 and destroyed mostly in a second fire in 414, a great believer of orthodoxy Theodisius II dedicated a church in 415. Among the ruins of Theodisius’ church, you can see the architrave of 12 sheep that represents the twelve apostles of Christ in front of the monumental entrance.

  • Theodosian Hagia Sophia
  • 12 sheep first Hagia Sophia
  • 12 sheep Hagia Sophia
  • 12 sheep first Hagia Sophia
  • 12 sheep first Hagia Sophia
  • Fragments from Theodosius Hagia Sophia
  • 12 sheep first Hagia Sophia
  • 12 sheep Hagia Sophia
  • first hagia sophia
  • first hagia sophia
  • first hagia sophia
  • Remains in the Garden
  • Remains in the Garden
  • Remains in the Garden
  • Remains in the Garden
  • Remains in the Garden
  • Remains in the Garden
  • Remains in the Garden
  • Remnants Of The Theodosian Hagia Sophia
  • Remnants Of The Theodosian Hagia Sophia
  • Remnants Of The Theodosian Hagia Sophia
  • Remnants Of The Theodosian Hagia Sophia
  • Remnants Of The Theodosian Hagia Sophia
  • Remnants Of The Theodosian Hagia Sophia
  • Theodosian Hagia Sophia
  • Theodosian Hagia Sophia
  • Theodosian Hagia Sophia
  • Theodosian Hagia Sophia
  • Remnants Of The Theodosian Hagia Sophia
  • Remnants Of The Theodosian Hagia Sophia
  • Remnants Of The Theodosian Hagia Sophia
  • Theodosian Hagia Sophia
  • Theodosian Hagia Sophia
  • Remains in the garden - Hagia Sophia
  • Remains in the garden - Hagia Sophia

 

Be cheerful, enjoy your life T-Shirt
  • This design is inspired by the famous mosaic found in Antioch (modern-day Hatay, Turkey).
  • It says "Effrósinos"which means joyful, full of happiness, cheerful.
  • Lightweight, Classic fit, Double-needle sleeve and bottom hem
Owl of Athena T-Shirt
  • Lightweight, Classic fit, Double-needle sleeve and bottom hem
Know Thyself T-Shirt
  • This design inspired by a memento mori mosaic from excavations in the convent of San Gregorio in Rome, featuring the Greek motto.
  • The skeleton is pointing to two words, which translate as 'Know thyself', an aphorism that was inscribed in the pronaos of the Temple of Apollo at Delphi, according to the Greek traveller and geographer Pausanias (c. 110 - c. 180 AD).
  • Lightweight, Classic fit, Double-needle sleeve and bottom hem
Minoan Octopus T-Shirt
  • This design is inspired by an ancient Minoan vase.
  • Lightweight, Classic fit, Double-needle sleeve and bottom hem

About the author

hagiasophiatr

Hagia Sophia Research Team (HSRT) consists of a group of people who likes to research Byzantine Heritage in Turkey by visiting and taking photos of the historical places.

Leave a Comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.