Category: Glossary of Byzantine Terms

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Diocese: Lat. dioecesa, Gk. Dioikêsis, an administrative unit consisting of several provinces; fr...
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Turmarch: commander of a tourma; senior military commander with fiscal and judicial responsibilit...
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Khazars: Turkic-speaking people who were the major power in the Black Sea steppes, with centres o...
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Alloy containing silver and gold in a Byzantine coin.
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Psychika: Gifts made to monasteries in exchange for the monks’ commemoration of the donors and/or...
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Visigoths (western Goths): Groupings of Goths who raided into Roman territory in the fourth and f...
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Sallarid: 10th.- to 11th.-century Muslim dynasty which ruled in the eastern Caucasus and north-we...
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Gastald: Lombard royal official in Italy in charge of a gastaldate, with civil and military power...
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Koinobion: A type of monastery which emphasized a communal lifestyle, including attendance at chu...
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Caesar: Title given to a junior emperor or – from the eleventh century onwards – to imperial rela...
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Turkic-speaking nomadic warriors who appeared in the north Black Sea steppe in the sixth century,...
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Exarchate: territorial and administrative unit commanded by an exarch; in modern usage, often the...
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Autokrator: Greek equivalent of the Latin imperator, emperor, used especially after the 7th centu...
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Ducat: Two types of coin from the duchy of Venice: (1) the thirteenthand early fourteenth-century...
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Franks: A Germanic grouping from the lower Rhine, frequently recruited into the Roman army; unite...
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Kommerkiarioi: Fiscal officials responsible for state-supervised commerce and the taxes thereon. ...
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Augustus (m.), Augusta (f.) senior emperor within a group of coemperors, or within a single famil...
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Diadem: originally a head-band, then imperial Roman symbol of majesty from the fourth century on;...
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Kapnikon: Tax on “hearths” or households, introduced probably during the later 7th or 8th century.
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Praetorian Prefecture: The largest administrative unit of the empire from the time of Constantine...
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