Category: Glossary of Byzantine Terms

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Khazars: Turkic-speaking people who were the major power in the Black Sea steppes, with centres o...
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Davidic of or pertaining to David, king of Israel, or to his family
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Ekklesiarches: The sacristan of a church, responsible for preparing for services by setting out t...
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Eunuch: Castrated male who could occupy any position in the imperial system; some offi ces were r...
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Genikon Logothesion: The general treasury and main fiscal department of government after the seve...
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Illustris: Until the middle of the 6th century the highest grade of senatorial rank.
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Uzes:A branch of the Oghuz confederation of Turkic-speaking peoples; ousted the Pechenegs from th...
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Augustus (m.), Augusta (f.) senior emperor within a group of coemperors, or within a single famil...
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Rupenids: First dynasty to rule Armenian Cilicia, from the late eleventh to early thirteenth cent...
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Boukellarioi: theme formed in the later eighth century in north-west Asia Minor, taking its name ...
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Normans: people from north-west France, originally of Scandinavian origin; in the eleventh centur...
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Diocese: Lat. dioecesa, Gk. Dioikêsis, an administrative unit consisting of several provinces; fr...
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Armeniakoi: one of the earliest themes; based in northern Anatolia with headquarters at Euchaita.
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Romania: ‘land of the Romans’ (i.e. Byzantines); by the seventh century, a term for the Christian...
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Caesaropapism: system whereby the monarch exercised unfettered control over the church in his dom...
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Oikonomos: The financial officer of a large church monastery, responsible for the management of i...
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Arians: followers of a heresy (named after its main proponent, the third century theologian Arius...
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Turkic-speaking nomadic warriors who appeared in the north Black Sea steppe in the sixth century,...
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Praetorian Prefecture: The largest administrative unit of the empire from the time of Constantine...
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Synodikon: An inventory in a church or monastery that registered items donated and the commemorat...
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