Category: Glossary of Byzantine Terms

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Strategos: A general; in Byzantine times usually the governor of a military district or thema, an...
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Stratiotes: A soldier; by derivation from the 10th century a holder of “military” land, subject t...
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Eunuch: Castrated male who could occupy any position in the imperial system; some offi ces were r...
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Doux: Originally in the later Roman period a commander of a military unit; commander of a unit of...
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Origenism:Attempt to fuse the fundamentals ofGreek philosophy with the Christian creed, interpret...
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Ecumenical councils: (from oikoumenikos, ‘worldwide’) conferences of the bishops of the whole chu...
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Thelematarioi: “Volunteers,” soldiers/watchmen who served on the basis of grants of land given by...
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Caesar: Title given to a junior emperor or – from the eleventh century onwards – to imperial rela...
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Opsikion: one of the earliest themes to emerge; based in north-west Asia Minor, closest to Consta...
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Autokrator: Greek equivalent of the Latin imperator, emperor, used especially after the 7th centu...
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Bailo (s.), Baili (pl.): general term for administrator; head of the Venetian colony in Constanti...
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Oikonomos: The financial officer of a large church monastery, responsible for the management of i...
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Armeniakoi: one of the earliest themes; based in northern Anatolia with headquarters at Euchaita.
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Genikon(sekreton): The general treasury and main fiscal department of government after the 7th ce...
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Davidic of or pertaining to David, king of Israel, or to his family
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Confederation of Turkicspeaking peoples who dominated the Black Sea steppes from the glossary mid...
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Caesaropapism: system whereby the monarch exercised unfettered control over the church in his dom...
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tribunus (s.), tribuni (pl.): term for indigenous local rulers in southern Italy, which fell out ...
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Dioiketes: Fiscal administrator responsible for the land-tax, usually in a single diocese, from t...
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Arians: followers of a heresy (named after its main proponent, the third century theologian Arius...
Showing 1 - 20 of 87 results