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Doux: Originally in the later Roman period a commander of a military unit; commander of a unit of...
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Gastald: Lombard royal official in Italy in charge of a gastaldate, with civil and military power...
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despot (despot ¯ es) ‘lord, master’: High imperial title in the Palaiologan period, generally res...
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Scyths: Classical name for Iranian-speaking nomads of Black Sea steppes; used by Byzantines of se...
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Ekklesiarches: The sacristan of a church, responsible for preparing for services by setting out t...
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Ostrogoths: (eastern Goths) groupings of Goths, who adopted Arian Christianity and conquered Ital...
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True Cross: wooden cross on which Christ was crucified, or fragments – relics – supposedly from it.
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A type of annuity administered by monasteries which provided (elderly) laity with a regular allot...
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Uzes:A branch of the Oghuz confederation of Turkic-speaking peoples; ousted the Pechenegs from th...
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Turkmen (Turkoman, Turcoman): Turkish nomadic tribesmen from Central Asia who streamed into Anato...
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Alloy containing silver and gold in a Byzantine coin.
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Psychika: Gifts made to monasteries in exchange for the monks’ commemoration of the donors and/or...
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752 views
Caesaropapism: system whereby the monarch exercised unfettered control over the church in his dom...
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Pronouncements on Christ’s nature of Patriarch Cyril of Alexandria, endorsed by the council of Ch...
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Ecumenical councils: (from oikoumenikos, ‘worldwide’) conferences of the bishops of the whole chu...
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Dioiketes: Fiscal administrator responsible for the land-tax, usually in a single diocese, from t...
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Thrakesioi: one of the earliest themes, based in western Anatolia with headquarters at Chonai.
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Davidic of or pertaining to David, king of Israel, or to his family
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Christian sacrament in which the body and the blood of Christ are conveyed to believers in the fo...
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Zealots: strongly iconophile monks in the late eighth to tenth century; midfourteenth century gro...
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