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Pronouncements on Christ’s nature of Patriarch Cyril of Alexandria, endorsed by the council of Ch...
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Ekklesiarches: The sacristan of a church, responsible for preparing for services by setting out t...
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Theotokos ‘god-bearing’ (from theos ‘god’ and tokos ‘bringing forth’): description of the Virgin ...
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Chrysotriklinos: ‘golden hall’, from ‘gold’ (chrysos) and ‘hall’ (triklinos): large reception hal...
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Eunuch: Castrated male who could occupy any position in the imperial system; some offi ces were r...
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Hexagram: Silver coin introduced by Heraclius, lit. “six grams,” 12 to a nomisma. Although issued...
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Strategos: A general; in Byzantine times usually the governor of a military district or thema, an...
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Praetorian Prefecture: The largest administrative unit of the empire from the time of Constantine...
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Gastald: Lombard royal official in Italy in charge of a gastaldate, with civil and military power...
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578 views
Typikon: Document setting out the rules and regulations for the administration of a monastic comm...
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Arians: followers of a heresy (named after its main proponent, the third century theologian Arius...
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Normans: people from north-west France, originally of Scandinavian origin; in the eleventh centur...
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Genikon Logothesion: The general treasury and main fiscal department of government after the seve...
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303 views
Kommerkiarioi: Fiscal officials responsible for state-supervised commerce and the taxes thereon. ...
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Zealots: strongly iconophile monks in the late eighth to tenth century; midfourteenth century gro...
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Berbers: name given to several ethnic groups indigenous to north-west Africa; known in Arab sourc...
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Scyths: Classical name for Iranian-speaking nomads of Black Sea steppes; used by Byzantines of se...
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Turkic-speaking nomadic warriors who appeared in the north Black Sea steppe in the sixth century,...
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Nomisma: Lat. solidus, the gold coin introduced by Constantine I which remained the basis for the...
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Stratiotes: A soldier; by derivation from the 10th century a holder of “military” land, subject t...
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