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Greek fire: Devastating and dreaded Byzantine petroleum-based weapon; it was sticky, was ignited ...
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If you are wondering about the monument of the Hagia Sophia here are some of the facts that you n...
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Turmarch: commander of a tourma; senior military commander with fiscal and judicial responsibilit...
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Normans: people from north-west France, originally of Scandinavian origin; in the eleventh centur...
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Hexagram: Silver coin introduced by Heraclius, lit. “six grams,” 12 to a nomisma. Although issued...
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Ecloga: “Selections” from Roman law, interpreted in the light of its own time and codifi ed as a ...
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Kapnikon: Tax on “hearths” or households, introduced probably during the later 7th or 8th century.
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tribunus (s.), tribuni (pl.): term for indigenous local rulers in southern Italy, which fell out ...
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Opsikion: one of the earliest themes to emerge; based in north-west Asia Minor, closest to Consta...
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Iconoclasm: Rejection of the honoring of sacred images as a form of idolatry. Condemned as a here...
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Ekklesiarches: The sacristan of a church, responsible for preparing for services by setting out t...
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Diocese: Lat. dioecesa, Gk. Dioikêsis, an administrative unit consisting of several provinces; fr...
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Thrakesioi: one of the earliest themes, based in western Anatolia with headquarters at Chonai.
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Ostrogoths: (eastern Goths) groupings of Goths, who adopted Arian Christianity and conquered Ital...
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Illustris: Until the middle of the 6th century the highest grade of senatorial rank.
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Eunuch: Castrated male who could occupy any position in the imperial system; some offi ces were r...
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Dioiketes: Fiscal administrator responsible for the land-tax, usually in a single diocese, from t...
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Theotokos ‘god-bearing’ (from theos ‘god’ and tokos ‘bringing forth’): description of the Virgin ...
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Romania: ‘land of the Romans’ (i.e. Byzantines); by the seventh century, a term for the Christian...
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Laura: A type of monastery in which monks lived as solitaries during the week, but assembled on w...
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