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Greek fire: Devastating and dreaded Byzantine petroleum-based weapon; it was sticky, was ignited ...
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Zealots: strongly iconophile monks in the late eighth to tenth century; midfourteenth century gro...
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despot (despot ¯ es) ‘lord, master’: High imperial title in the Palaiologan period, generally res...
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If you are wondering about the monument of the Hagia Sophia here are some of the facts that you n...
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534 views
Ecumenical councils: (from oikoumenikos, ‘worldwide’) conferences of the bishops of the whole chu...
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Chalke; the Bronze Gate: main ceremonial entrance into the Great Palace of Constantinople, throug...
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Monothelitism: (from monos and thelein ‘to will’) doctrine recognising the existence of one ‘will...
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Vlachs: Romance-language-speaking pastoral inhabitants of eastern and south-eastern Europe, desce...
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Romania: ‘land of the Romans’ (i.e. Byzantines); by the seventh century, a term for the Christian...
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Gastald: Lombard royal official in Italy in charge of a gastaldate, with civil and military power...
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Visigoths (western Goths): Groupings of Goths who raided into Roman territory in the fourth and f...
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Genikon Logothesion: The general treasury and main fiscal department of government after the seve...
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Rus
Rus: People of Scandinavian origin who formed a political structure in eastern Europe, between th...
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Dioiketes: Fiscal administrator responsible for the land-tax, usually in a single diocese, from t...
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Chrysotriklinos: ‘golden hall’, from ‘gold’ (chrysos) and ‘hall’ (triklinos): large reception hal...
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Nomisma: Lat. solidus, the gold coin introduced by Constantine I which remained the basis for the...
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Sasanians: Persian ruling dynasty which overthrew the Parthian Arsacid dynasty in the early third...
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Doux: Originally in the later Roman period a commander of a military unit; commander of a unit of...
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Khazars: Turkic-speaking people who were the major power in the Black Sea steppes, with centres o...
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Rupenids: First dynasty to rule Armenian Cilicia, from the late eleventh to early thirteenth cent...
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