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Greek fire: Devastating and dreaded Byzantine petroleum-based weapon; it was sticky, was ignited ...
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Zealots: strongly iconophile monks in the late eighth to tenth century; midfourteenth century gro...
1 vote
988 views
If you are wondering about the monument of the Hagia Sophia here are some of the facts that you n...
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858 views
Chalke; the Bronze Gate: main ceremonial entrance into the Great Palace of Constantinople, throug...
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737 views
despot (despot ¯ es) ‘lord, master’: High imperial title in the Palaiologan period, generally res...
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613 views
Ecumenical councils: (from oikoumenikos, ‘worldwide’) conferences of the bishops of the whole chu...
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603 views
Gastald: Lombard royal official in Italy in charge of a gastaldate, with civil and military power...
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551 views
Vlachs: Romance-language-speaking pastoral inhabitants of eastern and south-eastern Europe, desce...
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548 views
Monothelitism: (from monos and thelein ‘to will’) doctrine recognising the existence of one ‘will...
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545 views
Genikon Logothesion: The general treasury and main fiscal department of government after the seve...
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Visigoths (western Goths): Groupings of Goths who raided into Roman territory in the fourth and f...
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Strategos: A general; in Byzantine times usually the governor of a military district or thema, an...
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Dioiketes: Fiscal administrator responsible for the land-tax, usually in a single diocese, from t...
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488 views
Uzes:A branch of the Oghuz confederation of Turkic-speaking peoples; ousted the Pechenegs from th...
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Rupenids: First dynasty to rule Armenian Cilicia, from the late eleventh to early thirteenth cent...
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474 views
Codex Justinianus: Codification of Roman law produced at the beginning of the reign of Justinian ...
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Scyths: Classical name for Iranian-speaking nomads of Black Sea steppes; used by Byzantines of se...
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Normans: people from north-west France, originally of Scandinavian origin; in the eleventh centur...
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Sallarid: 10th.- to 11th.-century Muslim dynasty which ruled in the eastern Caucasus and north-we...
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Armeniakoi: one of the earliest themes; based in northern Anatolia with headquarters at Euchaita.
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