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Autokrator: Greek equivalent of the Latin imperator, emperor, used especially after the 7th centu...
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Scyths: Classical name for Iranian-speaking nomads of Black Sea steppes; used by Byzantines of se...
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Augustus (m.), Augusta (f.) senior emperor within a group of coemperors, or within a single famil...
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Koinobion: A type of monastery which emphasized a communal lifestyle, including attendance at chu...
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Arians: followers of a heresy (named after its main proponent, the third century theologian Arius...
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Diocese: Lat. dioecesa, Gk. Dioikêsis, an administrative unit consisting of several provinces; fr...
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Chrysotriklinos: ‘golden hall’, from ‘gold’ (chrysos) and ‘hall’ (triklinos): large reception hal...
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Kapnikon: Tax on “hearths” or households, introduced probably during the later 7th or 8th century.
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Charistikiarios: A person or institution that was granted administrative responsibilities over a ...
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Confederation of Turkicspeaking peoples who dominated the Black Sea steppes from the glossary mid...
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Egyptian population who spoke the Coptic language; after Egypt’s mid-seventh-century conquest by ...
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Stratiotes: A soldier; by derivation from the 10th century a holder of “military” land, subject t...
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Nomisma: Lat. solidus, the gold coin introduced by Constantine I which remained the basis for the...
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Caesaropapism: system whereby the monarch exercised unfettered control over the church in his dom...
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Fatimids: Shiite dynasty based in Cairo from the later tenth century; their dominions included no...
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Aktemon: A peasant with no property, no oxen or plough.
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Psychika: Gifts made to monasteries in exchange for the monks’ commemoration of the donors and/or...
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Berbers: name given to several ethnic groups indigenous to north-west Africa; known in Arab sourc...
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Bailo (s.), Baili (pl.): general term for administrator; head of the Venetian colony in Constanti...
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Circus factions: associations that staged circus games; fervent supporters’ associations of one o...
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