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Scyths: Classical name for Iranian-speaking nomads of Black Sea steppes; used by Byzantines of se...
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Charistikiarios: A person or institution that was granted administrative responsibilities over a ...
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Augustus (m.), Augusta (f.) senior emperor within a group of coemperors, or within a single famil...
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Chrysotriklinos: ‘golden hall’, from ‘gold’ (chrysos) and ‘hall’ (triklinos): large reception hal...
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Ecumenical councils: (from oikoumenikos, ‘worldwide’) conferences of the bishops of the whole chu...
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Doux: Originally in the later Roman period a commander of a military unit; commander of a unit of...
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Confederation of Turkicspeaking peoples who dominated the Black Sea steppes from the glossary mid...
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Koinobion: A type of monastery which emphasized a communal lifestyle, including attendance at chu...
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Caesaropapism: system whereby the monarch exercised unfettered control over the church in his dom...
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Diocese: Lat. dioecesa, Gk. Dioikêsis, an administrative unit consisting of several provinces; fr...
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Arians: followers of a heresy (named after its main proponent, the third century theologian Arius...
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Egyptian population who spoke the Coptic language; after Egypt’s mid-seventh-century conquest by ...
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Kapnikon: Tax on “hearths” or households, introduced probably during the later 7th or 8th century.
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Nomisma: Lat. solidus, the gold coin introduced by Constantine I which remained the basis for the...
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Monothelitism: (from monos and thelein ‘to will’) doctrine recognising the existence of one ‘will...
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Aktemon: A peasant with no property, no oxen or plough.
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Fatimids: Shiite dynasty based in Cairo from the later tenth century; their dominions included no...
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Stratiotes: A soldier; by derivation from the 10th century a holder of “military” land, subject t...
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Ostrogoths: (eastern Goths) groupings of Goths, who adopted Arian Christianity and conquered Ital...
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Psychika: Gifts made to monasteries in exchange for the monks’ commemoration of the donors and/or...
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