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Arians: followers of a heresy (named after its main proponent, the third century theologian Arius...
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Armeniakoi: one of the earliest themes; based in northern Anatolia with headquarters at Euchaita.
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Caesaropapism: system whereby the monarch exercised unfettered control over the church in his dom...
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Chrysotriklinos: ‘golden hall’, from ‘gold’ (chrysos) and ‘hall’ (triklinos): large reception hal...
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Circus factions: associations that staged circus games; fervent supporters’ associations of one o...
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Diadem: originally a head-band, then imperial Roman symbol of majesty from the fourth century on;...
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Ecumenical councils: (from oikoumenikos, ‘worldwide’) conferences of the bishops of the whole chu...
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Exarchate: territorial and administrative unit commanded by an exarch; in modern usage, often the...
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Monothelitism: (from monos and thelein ‘to will’) doctrine recognising the existence of one ‘will...
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Normans: people from north-west France, originally of Scandinavian origin; in the eleventh centur...
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Opsikion: one of the earliest themes to emerge; based in north-west Asia Minor, closest to Consta...
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Ostrogoths: (eastern Goths) groupings of Goths, who adopted Arian Christianity and conquered Ital...
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Romania: ‘land of the Romans’ (i.e. Byzantines); by the seventh century, a term for the Christian...
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578 views
Rus
Rus: People of Scandinavian origin who formed a political structure in eastern Europe, between th...
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Sasanians: Persian ruling dynasty which overthrew the Parthian Arsacid dynasty in the early third...
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Autokrator: Greek equivalent of the Latin imperator, emperor, used especially after the 7th centu...
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Danishmend: Turkoman dynasty that ruled over Cappadocia, Sebasteia and Melitene from late elevent...
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despot (despot ¯ es) ‘lord, master’: High imperial title in the Palaiologan period, generally res...
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Franks: A Germanic grouping from the lower Rhine, frequently recruited into the Roman army; unite...
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Khazars: Turkic-speaking people who were the major power in the Black Sea steppes, with centres o...
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